Step 8

Step Quick Links:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12

From the Foreword of the 12 & 12:  “A.A.’s Twelve Steps are a group of principles, spiritual in their nature, which, if practiced as a way of life, can expel the obsession to drink and enable the sufferer to become happily and usefully whole.”

“Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.”

The One Thing I Need To Know About Step 8:
An apology is NOT the same thing as an amends

of this Step:


Reading Assignment:
BB: Pgs. 76-84 / 12&12:  Pgs. 77-82
(Read Online)

Literature Reference: “But this is not an end in itself. Our real purpose is to fit ourselves to be of maximum service to God and the people about us.” (Big Book, Page 77, Into Action)

What Can I Surrender in this Step?

  1. Fear of telling the truth, and…
  2. My need to point out “their” part, and…
  3. Fear of the outcome.


An apology is quite different from an amends.   One dictionary defines an apology as: “an admission of error or discourtesy accompanied by an expression of regret,” and it defines and amends as: “reparation or compensation for a loss, damage, or injury of any kind.”  I offer you an apology when I accidentally step on your toe.  I offer you an amends when I have caused you hurt or harm in some way. (More on this will be discussed in Step 9)

Many of us were taught by our sponsors that if we wanted to learn how to be in healthy relationships with the world around us, we could take a deeper look at the Traditions. Woven throughout each of the Traditions are wonderful suggestions on how we can better show up to those relationships. Interestingly enough, Steps 8 & 9 do that as well. On page 77 of the 12 & 12 it states, “STEPS Eight and Nine are concerned with personal relations. First, we take a look backward and try to discover where we have been at fault; next we make a vigorous attempt to repair the damage we have done; and third, having thus cleaned away the debris of the past, we consider how, with our newfound knowledge of ourselves, we may develop the best possible relations with every human being we know.”

Important Reminder: As we continue this journey of being of maximum usefulness, when preparing to make our amends it is helpful to remember to not minimize our faults and failures by focusing on the faults of others, and to realize that we hurt others as well as ourselves with our drinking. In looking beyond our obvious defects and in doing a thorough examination of our flaws, we must avoid judgments of others. It’s OUR inventory that uncovered harm done – not theirs.

Many members of A.A. think that creating a list of those we have harmed is ONLY about cleaning up the wreckage of our past with those people, places or things. While that is certainly a huge part of it, another reason Step 8 is important is because it’s about continuing the process we have already started back in Step 3 of being a maximum usefulness to God and his kids. Is it possible that Steps 8 & 9 are not about getting back in the good graces of those we’ve harmed, but about being willing to do the footwork and, once again, leave the results up to God? Yes, it’s entirely possible. Love of ourselves, love of others and love of God is the foundation to this Step.

Important Side Note: Remember, this Step is ONLY about making the list.  No action other than writing the list happens in this Step (EXCEPT OF COURSE having the the willingness to act upon the list as you move into Step 9), so there is no need to fear (as so many of us do when we start thinking about having to make amends).  It’s JUST a list my friend!


Your drinking hasn’t harmed anyone but yourself. People often think that if the damage isn’t extreme and noticeable, then there isn’t anything beneath the surface. This is a dangerous misconception and something AA calls “purposeful forgetting.” We can’t get the most out of the 12 Steps if we aren’t willing to be vulnerable and rigorously honest—even if what we discover about ourselves and others is painful to accept.

(In preparation for our 9th Step actions)


  1. In column 1, list the person, place or thing we have harmed and owe an amends to. We can refer back to our 4th Step and first identify any people from our Grudge List that we owe an amends to. Then, add any additional amends that need to be made since that list was created.
  2. Then place a check mark in column 3, 4 or 5 to help us determine the priority of the amends.
    NOW: those amends that can be made immediately
    POSTPONED: those amends that cannot be made immediately, but can be made at some point in the not too distant future.
    N/A: those amends that cannot be made because they are “not available” and we haven’t any way of contacting them*.
  3. We start making our amends with the NOW column first and once we have completed the amends in that column, place the date in the DONE column when it was completed and move onto the next column.


Taking a step displays a willingness to write inventory and allow it to surrender something within us. Write inventory on your most serious shortcomings around the practical application of this step in your life today (“How am I applying the principle found in this Step to every moment of my life?”).

In My Personal Relationships:

List at least three (3) examples of our “willingness” (not including actual amends on your 8th Step list) to enhance the love and service found within and improve our personal relationships.

At Work:

List at least three (3) examples of our “willingness” (not including actual amends on your 8th Step list) to enhance the love and service found within and improve our work relationships.

With God and In A.A.:

List at least three (3) examples of our “willingness” (not including actual amends on your 8th Step list) to enhance the love and service found within and improve our relationship with God and A.A.


  1. Have you realized that you hurt others as well as yourself with your drinking/thinking?
  2. Have you embarked upon an honest effort to discover how many people you have hurt and how you’ve hurt them?
  3. Have you looked beyond your obvious defects and done a thorough examination of your flaws in relation to the harm you have done others?
  4. Have you let go of defensiveness and blame of people for how they’ve treated you?
  5. Have you forgiven others for the wrongs they have done you (perceived or otherwise)?
  6. Have you paid great attention to what you discovered about yourself and your problems along the way?
  7. Have you released judgments of others and become objective when evaluating your defects as well as those of others?
  8. Have you made a list of everyone you’ve harmed and become willing to make amends to them all?

(If you can answer yes to these questions, you’ve likely taken this Step)

“This Step is not about getting back in the good graces of those we’ve wronged.  It’s about our willingness to do the footwork in the next Step and leave the results up to God.”